Lithium batteries are primary batteries
that contain lithium metal anodes.
The average battery works using an
aqueous electrolyte or a moist electrolyte paste, though a solid state battery operates using a solid electrolyte. Solid state
lithium batteries are an example of this, where a solid Lithium bar serves as the anode, a bar of Lithium sulfide or Vanadium
oxide serves as the cathode and a polymer, allowing the passage of ions and notelectrons, acts as the electrolyte. This battery
is advantageous in that Lithium possess the highest negative value of standard reduction potential. It is also a light metal
and thusly less mass is required to generate 1 mole of electrons. It is a rechargeable battery and it can provide a direct
current of about 3 volts
energy density - potential for yet higher capacities.
Does not need prolonged priming when new. One regular charge is all
low self-discharge - self-discharge is less than half that of nickel-based batteries.
Low Maintenance - no periodic discharge is needed; there
is no memory.
cells can provide very high current to applications such as power tools.”